In case you didn’t know, water is a pretty big deal. About 30.1 percent of the world’s fresh water is made up of groundwater – 2.78 million trillion gallons of it. There’s tons of water on Earth, but only about 1% of it can be used for human needs. The rest is either trapped in massive ice caps, too salty, or otherwise undrinkable.
We need water for all aspects of our lives, and it shows in our usage. Over the course of a year, the average American household uses more than 100,000 gallons of water, indoors and outside.
Depending on where you live, or where you’re looking to build property, you may need to look into well drilling services to ensure that you have plenty of clean water to live safely and comfortably. All private wells use groundwater, and more than 15 million households in the U.S. depend regularly on private groundwater wells.
People have been using wells to get water for over ten thousand years, but until about a century ago, all well digging was done by hand. Now, though, modern wells are drilled. The process requires a complicated drill rig, which is often mounted on a big truck.
When you picture a water well, you may imagine endlessly pumping water by hand. However, water pumps can’t lift water up from more than thirty feet below the pump. That’s why hand pumps are only used for shallow wells, while deeper wells use electric pumps that are lowered down into the well. When the water has been pumped, it can be stored in water tanks for instant usage.
Before you start looking for the best well digging services in your area, check out these helpful tips for planning your water well.
- Figure out where it should go. Especially if you’re planning to build a residence, rather than add a well to an existing residential property, be sure you plan the location of your well before it’s too late, and accessing the best water source will mean tearing down your kitchen.
Whenever possible, your well should be located away from steep slopes and poorly drained areas.
Instead, try to have your well drilled at relatively high elevations to decrease the possibility of contamination. It should also be placed so that cleaning, treatment, repair, and inspection won’t be more difficult than necessary.
- Be sure it’s legal. Sometimes, geology isn’t the only thing that comes into play when planning your well digging. Be sure to check if your area requires a permit for well digging. Unless your state or local codes dictate even stricter standards, these minimal distances from the well should be maintained: 200 ft from a cesspool, 50 ft from a septic take, 10 ft from an iron sewer, 2 ft from a pumphouse floor drain, and 200 ft from a landfill.
- Plan your water usage. Your well should be able to provide you with enough water for your needs. That means your well should have plenty of water for everyday uses like drinking, cooking, and plumbing, as well as water for seasonal uses like lawn watering, and special uses like animal watering and crop irrigation.
If you’re having trouble estimating, don’t hesitate to ask your local well digging company, or even ask the neighbors. If they have wells, they should be well aware of their usage, and the success of their wells.
And usage is rarely evenly spaced. There will probably be peak times, when water is needed for, say, cooking, watering, and showering, all at once. Your water supply should be able to meet this demand. To ensure seamless usage, consider these things: the flow rate, the diameter and depth of the well, and the static level (the level at which the water stands when there’s no pumping from the well).
Once your well has been built, be sure the water well sealing is strong, and be vigilant about preventing the entry of surface water and other contaminants. As with most things, maintenance is key.
Now you’re ready to enjoy a clean, reliable water source for years to come!
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